+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Evaluation of fruit and seed diversity and characterization of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) cultivars in Algarve region



Evaluation of fruit and seed diversity and characterization of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) cultivars in Algarve region



Scientia Horticulturae 114(4): 250-257



The genetic diversity of 15 carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) cultivars located in an experimental field from Algarve (Portugal) was evaluated over 7 years using 12 fruit and seed phenotypic characters, in order to characterize carob cultivars. The values of morphological traits obtained by cultivar were compared with those from other countries of the Mediterranean basin. Statistically significant differences were found between cultivars for all characters which were examined, what indicates a high genetic diversity. The relationship among these characters was analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) resulting in the separation of these cultivars classed in four groups (clusters I-IV) and in four ungrouped cultivars. A three dimension of the model was found to be significant and explained 74.5% of the total variation, in which the first component accounting for 34.6% of the total variation is dominated by fruit characters, while the second component is dominated by seed characters. Cultivars plotted on the left-lower quadrant on the space determined by principal components I and 2 are characterized by fruits with high seed yield more appropriated for industrial rentability. The correlation analyses established by cultivar provided a specific understanding about the way how fruit and seed characteristics correlate within each cultivar. This approach can be useful for the development of a breeding programme, aiming to increase the seed yield, seed thickness, individual and total seed weight by fruit, characteristics that are determinant to improve the industrial exploitation of carob.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 015747273

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2007.06.024


Related references

Fruit and seed diversity of domesticated carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) in Morocco. Scientia Horticulturae 123(1): 110-116, 2009

Evaluation of the seed pod of carob (Ceratonia siliqua) as animal feed. I. Chemical characterization. Revista do Centro de Ciencias Rurais 6(4): 367-373, 1976

Isolation and chemical evaluation of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) seed germ. Food Chemistry 102(4): 1368-1374, 2007

The occurrence of abscisic acid in inhibitors B1 and C from immature fruit of Ceratonia siliqua L. (carob) and in commercial carob syrup. Planta 92(1): 41-49, 1970

Possibilities and limitations of the cultivation of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) as part of the traditional land-use system in the Algarve, Portugal. 1993

Lipid evaluation of cultivated and wild carob Ceratonia siliqua L seed oil growing in Turkey. Scientia Horticulturae 130(1): 0-184, 2011

Evaluation of the seed pod of carob (Ceratonia siliqua) as animal feed. II. Performance and apparent digestibility when fed to rats. Revista do Centro de Ciencias Rurais 7(1): 1-8, 1977

Nutritional evaluation of the germ meal and its protein isolate obtained from the carob seed (Ceratonia siliqua) in the rat. British Journal of Nutrition 43(1): 115-123, 1980

Evaluation of the seed pod of carob (Ceratonia siliqua) as animal feed. III. Performance and apparent digestibility when fed to sheep. Revista do Centro de Ciencias Rurais 7(2): 129-134, 1977

Diversity analysis of moroccan carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) accessions using phenotypic traits and RAPD markers FT Analyse de la diversite des accessions du caroubier marocain (Ceratonia siliqua L.) utilisant des traits phenotypiques et des marqueurs RAPD. 2007

Identification and characterization of Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler causing Ceratonia Blight disease of carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) in Turkey. European Journal of Plant Pathology 151(1): 73-86, 2018

Evaluation of the seed pod of the carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua) as a feed for animals. iI. performance and apparent digestiability with rats. 1977

Evaluation of the seed pod of the carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua) as a feed for animals. iII. performance and apparent digestibility with sheep. 1977

Variation of seed and fruit characters in Ceratonia siliqua L. cultivars. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 43(6): 525-531, 1996

Indigenous carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) cultivars in Catalonia. Investigacion Agraria, Produccion y Proteccion Vegetales 5(2): 223-238, 1990