Section 16
Chapter 15,784

Expression of uterine sensitization-associated gene-1 (USAG-1) in the mouse uterus during the peri-implantation period

Maeda, K.; Lee, D.-S.; Yanagimoto Ueta, Y.; Suzuki, H.

Journal of Reproduction and Development 53(4): 931-936


ISSN/ISBN: 0916-8818
PMID: 17389776
Accession: 015783439

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Rat uterine sensitization-associated gene-1 (USAG-1) mRNA is expressed in the uterus during the peri-implantation period, and its mRNA expression in uterine epithelial cells is highest on day 5 of pregnancy. On the other hand, since changes in USAG-1 mRNA expression in the mouse uterus are not seen during the estrous cycle, USAG-1 expression might be specifically regulated by embryonic factors rather than by the maternal environment. However, the expression pattern and function of USAG-1 in the mouse uterus have not been determined. Thus, we examined the tissue-specific USAG-1 mRNA expression in the uteri of ICR mice during peri-implantation using real-time quantitative PCR. Uterine tissues, such as the myometrium, luminal epithelium, and stroma, were collected by laser capture microdissection at 3.5-6.5 dpc. USAG-1 mRNA was expressed in the uteri of pregnant mice from 3.5 dpc to 6.5 dpc, and the highest level of expression was seen at 4.5 dpc (P<0.01). Significantly high USAG-1 mRNA expression was detected in the luminal epithelium at 4.5 dpc (P<0.05). The stroma and myometrium exhibited unchanged expression levels of USAG-1 mRNA at 3.5-5.5 dpc. USAG-1 mRNA was undetectable in blastocysts and implanting embryos. Expression of USAG-1 mRNA appears to be associated with blastocyst implantation to the luminal epithelium, suggesting that physiological or biochemical contact of the blastocyst to the uterus is required for USAG-1 expression.

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