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Hepatoxylon trichiuri (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha) plerocercoids in cage-reared northern bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Osteichthyes: Scombridae)



Hepatoxylon trichiuri (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha) plerocercoids in cage-reared northern bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Osteichthyes: Scombridae)



Acta Adriatica International Journal of Marine Sciences 47(1): 79-83



Northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) were caught by purse seine boats and brought to a farm for a rearing cycle of 1.5 years. Mortalities occurred in the first weeks of acclimatization at the facility. Parasitological examination revealed plerocercoids of the cestode Hepatoxylon trichiuri embedded in the stomach mucosa. The larvae were found in 28.4% of the fish and the mean abundance was 3.12 per fish. Histopathology revealed disseminated erosion at the site of attachment, atrophy of fundic glands, lymphocytic migration, and hyperplasia of connective tissue in the lamina propria. These symptoms, however, together with the parasite abundance, could not have triggered the mortalities. This is the first record of this parasite in northern bluefin tuna.

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