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In diatoms, the transthylakoid proton gradient regulates the photoprotective non-photochemical fluorescence quenching beyond its control on the xanthophyll cycle


In diatoms, the transthylakoid proton gradient regulates the photoprotective non-photochemical fluorescence quenching beyond its control on the xanthophyll cycle



Plant and Cell Physiology 47(7): 1010-1016



ISSN/ISBN: 0032-0781

PMID: 16699176

DOI: 10.1093/pcp/pcj058

In diatoms, the non-photochemical fluorescence quenching (NPQ) regulates photosynthesis during light fluctuations. NPQ is associated with an enzymatic xanthophyll cycle (XC) which is controlled by the light-driven transthylakoid proton gradient (delta pH). In this report, special illumination conditions and chemicals were used to perturb the kinetics of the delta pH build-up, of the XC and of NPQ. We found that the delta pH-related acidification of the lumen is also needed for NPQ to develop by switching the xanthophylls to an 'activated' state, probably via the protonation of light-harvesting antenna proteins. It confirms the NPQ model previously proposed for diatoms.

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Accession: 016088302

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