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One-step preparation of drug-containing microparticles to enhance the dissolution and absorption of poorly water-soluble drugs using a 4-fluid nozzle spray drier



One-step preparation of drug-containing microparticles to enhance the dissolution and absorption of poorly water-soluble drugs using a 4-fluid nozzle spray drier



Journal of Controlled Release 120(3): 205-210



We studied the use of a 4-fluid nozzle spray drier as a new one-step method for preparing drug-containing microparticles to enhance the dissolution and absorption of poorly water-soluble drugs. We employed ethenzamide (EZ) and flurbiprofen (FP) as poorly water-soluble drugs and lactose (LAC) and mannitol (MAN) as water-soluble carriers for microparticles. EZ-ethanol or FP-acetone/methanol (2:1) solutions and aqueous solutions of LAC or MAN were simultaneously supplied through different liquid passages of a 4-fluid nozzle spray drier and then dried to obtain LAC or MAN microparticles containing EZ or FP. The dissolution of EZ from the EZ/LAC and EZ/MAN microparticles was much faster than that from EZ powder. The dissolution of EZ was more rapid from the EZ/MAN microparticles than the EZ/LAC microparticles. The dissolution of FP from the FP/MAN microparticles was greatly enhanced because of large effective surface area of FP dispersed in microparticles following rapid dissolution of MAN. The absorption of FP after oral administration of the FP/MAN microparticles to rats was markedly increased. The results demonstrate that the 4-fluid nozzle spray drier can be used for the one-step preparation of drug-containing microparticles that enhance the dissolution and absorption of poorly water-soluble drugs and that overcome the problem of finding a common solvent for drugs and carriers.

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Accession: 016564211

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 17582644

DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2007.05.002


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