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Overexpression of the cytosolic form of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP) in skeletal muscle repatterns energy metabolism in the mouse


Overexpression of the cytosolic form of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP) in skeletal muscle repatterns energy metabolism in the mouse



Journal of Biological Chemistry 282(45): 32844-32855



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 17716967

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m706127200

Transgenic mice, containing a chimeric gene in which the cDNA for phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP) (PEPCK-C) (EC 4.1.1.32) was linked to the alpha-skeletal actin gene promoter, express PEPCK-C in skeletal muscle (1-3 units/g). Breeding two founder lines together produced mice with an activity of PEPCK-C of 9 units/g of muscle (PEPCK-C(mus) mice). These mice were seven times more active in their cages than controls. On a mouse treadmill, PEPCK-C(mus) mice ran up to 6 km at a speed of 20 m/min, whereas controls stopped at 0.2 km. PEPCK-C(mus) mice had an enhanced exercise capacity, with a VO(2max) of 156 +/- 8.0 ml/kg/min, a maximal respiratory exchange ratio of 0.91 +/- 0.03, and a blood lactate concentration of 3.7 +/- 1.0 mm after running for 32 min at a 25 degrees grade; the values for control animals were 112 +/- 21 ml/kg/min, 0.99 +/- 0.08, and 8.1 +/- 5.0 mm respectively. The PEPCK-C(mus) mice ate 60% more than controls but had half the body weight and 10% the body fat as determined by magnetic resonance imaging. In addition, the number of mitochondria and the content of triglyceride in the skeletal muscle of PEPCK-C(mus) mice were greatly increased as compared with controls. PEPCK-C(mus) mice had an extended life span relative to control animals; mice up to an age of 2.5 years ran twice as fast as 6-12-month-old control animals. We conclude that overexpression of PEPCK-C repatterns energy metabolism and leads to greater longevity.

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