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Portosystemic shunts in dogs and cats: imaging portosystemic shunts in small animals - ultrasonography, nuclear scintigraphy, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging



Portosystemic shunts in dogs and cats: imaging portosystemic shunts in small animals - ultrasonography, nuclear scintigraphy, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging



Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 76(5): 322-330



Because of the non-specificity of the clinical signs and laboratory findings, imaging techniques such as portography, ultrasonography (US), nuclear scintigraphy, computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are required to provide a definitive diagnosis of portosystemic shunts (PSSs). Nuclear scintigraphy is the gold standard for detecting PSSs, but it is not useful in distinguishing the different types of shunts.

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