+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence and distribution of active trachoma in children of less than five years of age in trachoma endemic regions of Oman in 2005

Prevalence and distribution of active trachoma in children of less than five years of age in trachoma endemic regions of Oman in 2005

Ophthalmic Epidemiology 13(3): 167-172

Background: Oman aims to achieve "Elimination of Blinding Trachoma" by 2010. For accreditation purposes, a trachoma survey was conducted in Oman in 2005, targeting children younger than five years. It was conducted in twenty wilayats (districts) of three trachoma endemic regions. The Omani children were surveyed at health institutions during a 'Polio Supplementary Immunization Campaign.' The authors present the outcome of this survey and recommend policies for trachoma control in the study area. Methods: Eye health care supervisors examined Omani children sequentially in health centres. However, the timings and days of visit to these health centres were selected randomly. The presence of trachoma follicular (TF) was noted in the tarsal area. The prevalence of TF was calculated and its distribution was mapped. Results: The coverage for the immunization of children of less than five years of age residing in the study area was greater than 97%. For trachoma evaluation, 4,205 children were examined. The prevalence of TF in children of less than five years of age was 0.59% (95% CI; 0.40-0.88). Sumail, Hamra and Izki wilayats of Dhakhiliya region and Barka and Al Awabi Wilayats of South Batinah region had a prevalence of TF greater than 1%. No wilayat of North Sharqiya region had >=1% TF. The gender variation in TF was not significant. (RR=0.97 [95% CI 0.46-2.05]) Conclusions: All the Wilayats of trachoma endemic regions of Oman seem to have a prevalence of TF lesser than 5%. The data on TF in children aged between six and ten will enable us to determine whether Oman has achieved the Ultimate Intervention Goals (UIGs) for the provision of antibiotic treatment for acute infection (the "A" component of the SAFE strategy for the "Elimination of Blinding Trachoma" for the year 2005). Such initiatives of trachoma screening during a supplementary vaccination campaign could prove a cost-effective approach for determining the trachoma status of a country.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 016742168

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16854770

DOI: 10.1080/09286580600611419

Related references

Trachoma and ocular Chlamydia trachomatis rates in children in trachoma-endemic communities enrolled for at least three years in the Tanzania National Trachoma Control Programme. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 11(3): 103-110, 2009

The rapid trachoma assessment method (TRA): comparison with an exhaustive prevalence survey in a region of endemic trachoma in Mali. Cahiers d' Etudes et de Recherches Francophones/Sante 10(1): 59-64, 2000

Rapid trachoma assessment method (TRA): comparison with an exhaustive prevalence survey in a region of endemic trachoma in Mali. Sante 10(1): 59-64, 2000

Infection with Chlamydia trachomatis Immunotype J Associated with Trachoma in Children in an Area Previously Endemic for Trachoma. Journal of Infectious Diseases 151(6): 1034-1036, 1985

Infectious with chlamydia trachomatis immunotype j associated with trachoma in children in an area previously endemic for trachoma. Journal of Infectious Diseases 151(6): 1034-1036, 1985

Where do we go from here? Prevalence of trachoma three years after stopping mass distribution of antibiotics in the regions of Kayes and Koulikoro, Mali. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 4(7): E734, 2010

Trachoma eradication, a pilot study (Trachoma survey in children below 5 years of age). Journal of the All-India Ophthalmological Society 14(5): 197-200, 1966

Active trachoma in children aged three to nine years in rural communities in Ethiopia: prevalence, indicators and risk factors. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 99(2): 120-127, 2004

Lysozyme muramidase in eye secretions of infants and children in regions with and without endemic trachoma. Nichols, Roger L (Ed ) Excerpta Medica International Congress Series, No 223 Trachoma And Related Disorders Caused By Chlamydial Agents Symposium Xiii+586p Illus Excerpta Medica: Amsterdam, The Netherlands 211-216, 1971

Prevalence of active trachoma two years after control activities. Ghana Medical Journal 43(2): 54-60, 2009

Community-level chlamydial serology for assessing trachoma elimination in trachoma-endemic Niger. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 13(1): E0007127, 2019

Does the diagnosis of trachoma adequately identify ocular chlamydial infection in trachoma-endemic areas?. Journal of Infectious Diseases 187(10): 1669-1673, 2003

Trachoma in Casamance; first tests of mass therapy of endemic trachoma in French West Africa. Revue Internationale du Trachome. International Review of Trachoma 36(1): 96, 1959

Surveillance of trachoma and glaucoma in areas of endemic trachoma. Evaluation (1966-1987) and perspectives. Revue Internationale du Trachome et de Pathologie Oculaire Tropicale et Subtropicale et de Sante Publique 65(3-4): 83-106, 1988

Prevalence of Trachoma in Gambella Region, Ethiopia: Results of Three Population-Based Prevalence Surveys Conducted with the Global Trachoma Mapping Project. Ophthalmic Epidemiology 23(Sup1): 77-83, 2016