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Soil and vegetation studies in coastal halophytic communities of Oman


Soil and vegetation studies in coastal halophytic communities of Oman



Nova Hedwigia (Suppl 131): 247-264



ISSN/ISBN: 0029-5035

The hitherto little known vegetation ecology of coastal halophytic communities in southern and central Oman were surveyed on the basis of two transects (Khawr Salalah, Ras Duqm). Apart from the floristic analysis of the vegetation gradients, the recognition of photosynthetic types and soil parameters played an important role. The study area Khawr Salalah is characterised by a vast sandy coastal plain with dunes close to the sea shore and water pools and lagoons (called Khawr). Dunes are chiefly covered by a zone of A triplex farinosa and Halopyrum mucronatum, whereas the plain is populated by a zone of Limonium, Sporobolus and Urochondra. Water pools are fringed with Sporobolus virginicus meadows and reed belts of Typha and Schoenoplectus in between. The electrical conductivity of the water bodies ranges from 5.6 (pool water), to 24.4 (near-by lagoon water), to 53.5 mS/cm (sea water). The transect near Ras Duqm represents the vegetation zonation in a sabkha area with drifted sand dunes. All in all, only a few species are able to cope with the site conditions. The most salt resistant, Halopeplis perfoliata, fringes the polyhaline depressions, while A rthrocnemum macrostachyum covers the sandy ridges. Zygophyllum qatarense populates salty depressions as well as the limestone plateau.

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Accession: 017055842

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