Studies on mycoflora of salt marshes in Egypt. I. Sugar fungi
Abdel-Fattah, H.; Moubasher, A.; Abdel-Hafez, S.
Mycopathologia 1 (1) 19-26
ISSN/ISBN: 0301-486X DOI: 10.1007/bf00440754
Thirty-four genera and 92 species, in addition to two varieties of Aspergillus nidulans, were isolated from 74 soil samples collected from different localities of salt marshes in Egypt. Aspergillus (17 species in addition to 2 varieties of A. nidulans) and Penicillium (17 species) were of high occurrence, from which A. niger, A. fumigatus, A. terreus and P. notatum were dominant. Five genera were of moderate occurrence and these were Cladosporium, Fusarium, Alternaria, Mucor and Rhizopus. Nine genera were of low occurrence, namely, Drechslera, ?Trimmatostroma, Paecilomyces, Stachybotrys, Cephalosporium, Humicola, Botryotrichum, ? Geolegnia and Scopulariopsis. Statistical analyses reveal that soil samples poor in total fungi were significantly higher in total soluble salts, Na and K content than samples with numerous fungi. The difference in organic matter content between poor and rich samples was non-significant. In newly reclaimed fields along the borders of salt marshes, Fusarium was the most numerous fungal genera from soil followed by Aspergillus whereas Cladosporium was completely absent. Comparison between the present results and those of the other studies showed that there is no fungal flora characteristic of salt marshes.