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Synaptic integration of adult-generated olfactory bulb granule cells: basal axodendritic centrifugal input precedes apical dendrodendritic local circuits

Journal of Neuroscience 27(37): 9951-9961

Synaptic integration of adult-generated olfactory bulb granule cells: basal axodendritic centrifugal input precedes apical dendrodendritic local circuits

The adult mammalian olfactory bulb (OB) receives a continuing influx of new interneurons. Neuroblasts from the subventricular zone (SVZ) migrate into the OB and differentiate into granule cells and periglomerular cells that are presumed to integrate into the synaptic circuits of the OB. We have used retroviral infection into the SVZ of mice to label adult-generated granule cells and follow their differentiation and integration into OB circuitry. Using synaptic markers and electron microscopy, we show new granule cells integrating into the reciprocal circuitry of the external plexiform layer (EPL), beginning at 21 d postinfection (dpi). We further show that synapses are formed earlier, beginning at 10 dpi, on the somata and basal dendrites of new cells in the granule cell layer (GCL), before dendritic elaboration in the EPL. In the EPL, elaborate dendritic arbors with spines are first evident at 14 dpi. The density of spines increases from 14 to 28 dpi, and then decreases by 56 dpi. Despite the initial appearance of dendritic spines at 14 dpi in the EPL, no expression of presynaptic or postsynaptic markers is seen until 21 dpi. These data suggest that adult-generated granule cells are first innervated by centrifugal or mitral/ tufted cell axon collaterals in the GCL and that these inputs may contribute to their differentiation, maturation, and synaptic integration into the dendrodendritic local circuits found in the EPL.

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Accession: 017229868

PMID: 17855609

DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1633-07.2007

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