EurekaMag
+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Tabanidae
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

The cucurbits of mediterranean antiquity: identification of taxa from ancient images and descriptions


The cucurbits of mediterranean antiquity: identification of taxa from ancient images and descriptions



Annals of Botany 100(7): 1441-1457



ISSN/ISBN: 0305-7364

PMID: 17932073

DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcm242

A critical analysis was made of cucurbit descriptions in Dioscorides' De Materia Medica, Columella's De Re Rustica and Pliny's Historia Naturalis, works on medicine, agriculture and natural science of the 1st century ce, as well as the Mishna and Tosefta, compilations of rabbinic law derived from the same time period together with cucurbit images dating from antiquity including paintings, mosaics and sculpture. The goal was to identify taxonomically the Mediterranean cucurbits at the time of the Roman Empire. By ancient times, long-fruited forms of Cucumis melo (melon) and Lagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd) were selected, cultivated and used as vegetables around the Mediterranean and, in addition, bottle-shaped fruits of L. siceraria were employed as vessels. Citrullus lanatus (watermelons) and round-fruited forms of Cucumis melo (melons) were also consumed, but less commonly. A number of cucurbit species, including Bryonia alba, B. dioica, Citrullus colocynthis and Ecballium elaterium, were employed for medicinal purposes. No unequivocal evidence was found to suggest the presence of Cucumis sativus (cucumber) in the Mediterranean area during this era. The cucumis of Columella and Pliny was not cucumber, as commonly translated, but Cucumis melo subsp. melo Flexuosus Group (snake melon or vegetable melon).

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 017280822

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Rhabdomyolysis in antiquity. From ancient descriptions to scientific explication. Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 61(2): 18-22, 1998

Mediterranean food patterns: the view from antiquity, ancient Greeks and Romans. The Mediterranean diet: constituents and health promotion: 3-30, 2001

Some ancient and zoogeographically significant carabid beetles from the south pacific coleoptera carabidae with descriptions of new taxa. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 27: 73-89, 1987

A Study on the Monumental Center of Ancient Alexandria: The Identification of the Ptolemaic Mouseion and the Urban Transformation in Late Antiquity. Klio 100(1): 242-287, 2018

History and antiquity of cucurbits in India. Progress in cucurbit genetics and breeding research Proceedings of Cucurbitaceae 2004, the 8th EUCARPIA Meeting on Cucurbit Genetics and Breeding, Olomouc, Czech Re ic, 12-17 July 2004: 81-90, 2004

Molecular appraisal of Bunium and some related arid and subarid geophilic Apiaceae Apioideae taxa of the Ancient Mediterranean. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 160(2): 149-170, 2009

Images in clinical medicine. Madelung's disease: inherited from an ancient Mediterranean population?. New England Journal of Medicine 340(19): 1481, 1999

Lime Range in Ancient Economy. Sample and Identification Methods of Types of Lime from Archeological Kilns (XRD, SEM-EDS, Petrography) (Antiquity, Middle Ages, Modern Times). Archeosciences-Revue D Archeometrie 2016(40): 119-135, 2016

Phalangopsidae crickets from Tropical Africa (Orthoptera, Grylloidea), with descriptions of new taxa and an identification key for African genera. Zootaxa 3948(3): 451-496, 2015

First Look at Olive Floral Volatiles: Identification and Discrimination among Mediterranean and Chinese Taxa. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 24(4): 918-926, 2020

A synopsis of the Diplura of North America: keys to higher taxa, systematics, distributions and descriptions of new taxa (Arthropoda: Insecta). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 128(4): 403-466, 2002

Inventory of 20 years of entomological expeditions in Asia with the description of new taxa Bilan de 20 ans dexpeditions entomologiques en Asie, avec descriptions de nouveaux taxa. Linneana Belgica 17(6): 223-226, 2000

Opening a box of cryptic taxa – the first review of the North African desert lizards in the Trapelus mutabilis Merrem, 182 complex Squamata Agamidae with descriptions of new taxa. 2011

Marine mites (Acari: Hydrachnidia) of the Mediterranean Sea: Descriptions of two new species, key for identification and future prospects. Zootaxa 4585(3): Zootaxa.4585.3.6, 2019

A Compulsion for Antiquity: Freud and the Ancient World. American Journal of Psychiatry 162(12): 2405-2405, 2005