The positive effect of the decreased NADPH-preferring activity of xylose reductase from Pichia stipitis on ethanol production using xylose-fermenting recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Watanabe, S.; Pack, S.P.; Saleh, A.A.; Annaluru, N.; Kodaki, T.; Makino, K.

Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 71(5): 1365-1369


ISSN/ISBN: 0916-8451
PMID: 17485825
DOI: 10.1271/bbb.70104
Accession: 017447204

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We focused on the effects of a mutation of xylose reductase from Pichia stipitis (PsXR) on xylose-to-ethanol fermentation using recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae transformed with PsXR and PsXDH (xylitol dehydrogenase from P. stipitis) genes. Based on inherent NADH-preferring XR and several site-directed mutagenetic studies using other aldo-keto reductase enzymes, we designed several single PsXR mutants. K270R showing decreased NADPH-preferring activity without a change in NADH-preferring activity was found to be a potent mutant. Strain Y-K270R transformed with K270R PsXR and wild-type PsXDH showed a 31% decrease in unfavorable xylitol excretion with 5.1% increased ethanol production as compared to the control in the fermentation of 15 g l(-1) xylose and 5 g l(-1) glucose.