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The synthesis and origin of chloroplast low-molecular-weight ribosomal ribonucleic acid in spinach


The synthesis and origin of chloroplast low-molecular-weight ribosomal ribonucleic acid in spinach



European Journal of Biochemistry 96(2): 311-320



ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2956

PMID: 456376

DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1979.tb13042.x

Chloroplasts isolated from young spinach leaves incorporate [3H]uridine into RNA species which co-electrophorese with 5-S rRNA and tRNA, but show very little incorporation into 4.5-S rRNA. Chloroplast 4.5-S rRNA is labelled in vivo after a distinct lag period relative to 5-S rRNA and tRNA. The kinetics of labelling in vivo of chloroplast 5-S rRNA are similar to those of the immediate precursors to the 1.05 x 10(6)-Mr and 0.56 x 10(6)-Mr rRNAs, whereas the kinetics of labelling of the 4.5-S rRNAare similar to those of mature 1.05 x 10(6)-Mr and 0.56 x 10(6)-Mr rRNAs. Chloramphenicol inhibits the labelling of chloroplast 4.5-S rRNA in vivo, and concomitantly inhibits the processing of the immediate precursors to the 1.05 x 10(6)-Mr and 0.56 x 10(6)-Mr rRNAs, but has little effect on the appearance of label in chloroplast 5-S rRNA. DNA/RNA hybridization using 125I-labelled RNAs suggests that chloroplast DNA contains a 2--3-fold excess of 4.5-S and 5-S rRNA genes relative to the high-molecular-weight rRNA genes. Competition hybridization experiments show that the immediate precursor to the 1.05 x 10(6)-Mr rRNA effectively competes with 125I-labelled 4.5-S rRNA for hybridization with chloroplast DNA, and is therefore a likely candidate for a common precursor to both the 1.05 x 10(6)-Mr and 4.5-S rRNAs.

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Accession: 017488597

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