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Ultrastructure of cytoplasmic and nuclear changes in Eimeria tenella during first-generation schizogony in cell culture



Ultrastructure of cytoplasmic and nuclear changes in Eimeria tenella during first-generation schizogony in cell culture



Journal of Parasitology 61(1): 31-42



Eimeria tenella sporozoites were inoculated into primary cultures of chick kidney cells. Cells fixed from 1 1/2 to 54 hr later were examined with the electron microscope. At 1 1/2 and 24 hr, most intracellular sporozoites were fusiform and retained organelles typical of extracellular sporozoites. However, at 35 hr, rounded trophozoites were present without these structures; only a refractile body, nucleus, mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum remained. Binucleate parasites were also present at that time, but at 48 hr many multinucleate schizonts were present. Nuclei, with adjacent conoids, were at the periphery of these schizonts. Partly developed merozoites, each containing a conoid and a nucleus, protruded into the parasitophorous vacuole. At 54 hr, fully developed merozoites were separated from the residual body. Merozoites resembled sporozoites but lacked the large refractile bodies seen in sporozoites. Linear inclusions were present near the merozoite nucleus and in the residual body. Round vacuoles and ribosomes were also found in the residuum. Nucleoli were first seen in sporozoite nuclei at 1 1/2 hr. They were also present in merozoites but were more prominent in trophozoites and schizonts. Peripheral and scattered nuclear heterochromatins were prominent in intracellular sporozoites and diminished in trophozoites, but increased after several nuclear divisions and were again prominent in the merozoite. Small, distinct interchromatin granules were found in all stages. Intranuclear spindles, centrocones, and centrioles were found in connection with nuclear divisions. Ultrastructure of first-generation schizogony in cell culture was similar to that described for second-generation E. tenella in the chicken and to schizogony of other species of Eimeria.

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Accession: 017587346

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1167908

DOI: 10.2307/3279101



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