Volatile composition and sensory properties of industrially produced Idiazabal cheese
Barron, L.; Redondo, Y.A.amburu, M.G.l, P.P.rez-Elortondo, F.; Albisu, M.N.jera, A.; Renobales, M.D.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.
International dairy journal 17(12): 1401-1414
ISSN/ISBN: 0958-6946 DOI: 10.1016/j.idairyj.2007.04.001
The volatile composition and sensory properties of industrially produced Idiazabal cheeses made from ewes' raw milk (RM) or pasteurised milk (PM) and with addition of different starter cultures were compared. Cheeses were analysed at 90 and 180 d of ripening. Acids were the major volatile compounds in RM cheeses. Methyl ketones were the major volatile compounds in PM cheeses at 90 ripening days. However, the content of acids strongly increased with ripening whereas the content of ketones decreased in PM cheeses. The concentration of esters was higher in RM cheeses than in PM cheeses. No differences were found in the content of alcohols. Most aldehydes, hydrocarbons, terpenes and furans identified were minor volatile compounds in both RM and PM cheeses. In RM cheeses, characteristic sensory attributes for the aroma of Idiazabal cheese were present at 3 months, whereas in PM cheeses those desirable sensory attributes did not appear until 6 months of ripening.