Zinc-dependent synthesis of 5',5'-diadenosine tetraphosphate by sheep liver lysyl- and phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetases
Brevet, A.; Plateau, P.; Cirakoğlu, B.; Pailliez, J.P.; Blanquet, S.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 257(24): 14613-14615
Zinc greatly stimulates the initial rate of in vitro synthesis of 5',5'-diadenosine tetraphosphate by sheep liver lysyl- and phenylalanyl-tRNMA synthetases. In the case of each enzyme, maximum stimulation of 50- to 100-fold is reached upon addition of 50 microM ZnC2 to a reaction mixture (37 degrees c, pH 7.8) containing 50 microM dithioerythritol, 150 mM KCl, 5 mM ATP, 10 mM MgCl2, 0.1 mM cognate L-aminoacid, catalytic amounts of the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, and unlimiting pyrophosphatase activity. This observation made with aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases of mammalian origin supports the proposal that changes in cellular free zinc ion concentration could contribute to 5',5'-diadenosine tetraphosphate variations in animal cells as a function of growth activity.