Allozyme and mitochondrial DNA variation in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) from the Pacific Ocean
Ward, RD.; Elliott, NG.; Grewe, PM.; Smolenski, AJ.
Marine Biology (Berlin) 118(4): 531-539
ISSN/ISBN: 0025-3162 DOI: 10.1007/bf00347499
Samples of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) collected in 1991 and 1992 from the western, central and eastern regions of the Pacific Ocean were examined for genetic variability. Four polymorphic allozyme loci (ADA*, FH*, GPI-S* and GPI-F*) were examined in all samples and a fifth polymorphism (GDA*) was examined in western and central samples only. Samples were also screened for mitochondrial DNA variation following restriction analysis by two enzymes (BclI and EcoRI) detecting polymorphic cut sites. Eighteen mtDNA haplotypes were revealed, with an overall nucleon diversity of 0.678. A subset of individuals screened for eight restriction enzymes had an overall nucleon diversity of 0.724 and a mean nucleotide diversity per sample of 0.359%. No significant spatial heterogeneity was detected for alleles at the ADA*, FH*, GPI-S* and GDA* loci nor for the mtDNA haplotypes. Significant heterogeneity was detected for GPI-F*. At this locus, the two eastern samples (southern California and northern Mexico) were not significantly different from each other but were significantly different (P lt 0.001) from the five western/central samples (Philippines, Coral Sea, Kiribati, Hawaii-91 and Hawaii-92). GPI-F*100 was the most common allele in western and central regions, GPI-F*75 the most common in eastern samples.