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Biosynthesis of reovirus-specified polypeptides: effect of point mutation of the sequences flanking the 5'-proximal AUG initiator codons of the reovirus S1 and S4 genes on the efficiency of mRNA translation



Biosynthesis of reovirus-specified polypeptides: effect of point mutation of the sequences flanking the 5'-proximal AUG initiator codons of the reovirus S1 and S4 genes on the efficiency of mRNA translation



Virology 163(2): 643-646



The effect on translation of site-directed nucleotide substitutions around the 5'-proximal AUG initiation codon of the reovirus s1 mRNA specifying polypeptide sigma 1 and the reovirus s4 mRNA specifying polypeptide sigma 3 was examined. The efficiency of synthesis of the S1-encoded sigma 1 polypeptide and the S4-encoded sigma 3 polypeptide was analyzed in transfected simian COS cells. Mutant s1 mRNAs possessing either GCU AUG G or GCA AUG G sequences surrounding the 5'-proximal sigma 1 AUG were translated with an efficiency comparable to that of the wild-type s1 mRNA which possesses the flanking sequence CCU AUG G. Mutant s4 mRNAs possessing either CCU AUG G or CCA AUG G sequences surrounding the 5'-proximal sigma 3 AUG were translated with an efficiency comparable to that of wild-type s4 mRNA which possesses the flanking sequence GCA AUG G. The s4 mRNAs, both wild-type and mutant, were translated in vivo about five times more efficiently than the s1 mRNAs, both wild-type and mutant. These results suggest that nucleotide positions other than the -3, -2, -1, and +4 positions relative to the 5'-proximal initiator AUG, where the A is +1, play a dominant role in determining the efficiency of translation of these two reovirus mRNAs in vivo.

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Accession: 017791772

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3354211

DOI: 10.1016/0042-6822(88)90309-1


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