Distribution and structure of the vacuolar H+ ATPase in endosomes and lysosomes from LLC-PK1 cells
Rodman, J.S.; Stahl, P.D.; Gluck, S.
Experimental Cell Research 192(2): 445-452
Vacuolar proton pumps acidify several intracellular membrane compartments in the endocytic pathway. We have examined the distribution of the vacuolar H+ ATPase in LLC-PK1 cells and the structure of the biosynthetically labeled enzyme in membrane fractions enriched for endosomes or lysosomes. LLC-PK1 cells were allowed to internalize cytochrome c-coated colloidal gold as a marker for endocytic compartments. Proton pumps were identified in these cells by staining the cells with a monoclonal antibody against the vacuolar pump detected with either immunogold or immunoperoxidase techniques. H+ ATPase labeling was seen on structures resembling endosomes and lysosomes, but not on Golgi or plasma membrane. To examine the structure of the H+ ATPase in these compartments, we labeled LLC-PK1 cells for 24 h with [35S]methionine and used a Percoll gradient to obtain fractions enriched for endosomes or lysosomes. H+ ATPase immunoprecipitated from both fractions with monoclonal anti-H+ ATPase antibodies had labeled polypeptides of 70, 56, and 31 kDa. On two-dimensional gels, a comparison of the H+ ATPase from the endosomal and lysosomal fractions revealed that the 70-, 56-, and 31-kDa subunits were similar in both fractions. The results show that the vacuolar H+ ATPase in these cells is distributed primarily in endosomes and lysosomes and that the structure of the enzyme is similar in both compartments.