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Effect of trophic status on the culturability and activity of bacteria from a range of lakes in the English Lake District



Effect of trophic status on the culturability and activity of bacteria from a range of lakes in the English Lake District



Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70(4): 2072-2078



The bacterioplankton from a number of lakes that differed in nutrient status in the English Lake District was examined with a number of techniques for enumeration and activity assessment. Natural water samples showed a clear correlation between total counts and trophic status. Esterase activity measurements with Chemchrome B were able to distinguish high- and low-nutrient-status lakes, whereas tetrazolium salt (5-cyano-2,3-ditoyltetrazolium chloride) reduction, the direct viable count-cell elongation assay, and culturability measurements could not. Tetrazolium salt reduction and esterase activity measurements labeled a significant number of cells from water of all nutrient levels, whereas the direct viable count-cell elongation method was of use only in oligotrophic waters. Size fractionation of samples showed that the culturable cells were retained by the larger filters, especially in nutrient-rich waters. Esterase activity measurements also favored the larger cells. The differences observed between assays using water that differed in trophic status raise questions about the use of these tests as a definitive measure of viability.

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Accession: 017870274

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PMID: 15066798

DOI: 10.1128/AEM.70.4.2072-2078.2004



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