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Effect of amiloride on diaphragmatic contractility: evidence of a role for Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange



Effect of amiloride on diaphragmatic contractility: evidence of a role for Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange



Journal of Applied Physiology 70(3): 1309-1314



Extracellular Ca2+ has been shown to be important for the normal function of the diaphragm. In this study we have examined the potential importance of Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange as a mechanism for Ca2+ influx during the contractile process by studying the effect of inhibition or stimulation of Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange. Blockade of Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange with amiloride attenuated the twitch response, altered the force-frequency response curve, and enhanced the development of fatigue. The effect of amiloride could be partially reversed by increasing the extracellular Ca2+ concentration. The ability of amiloride to decrease force was associated with decreased Ca2+ uptake by the diaphragm. Enhancing intracellular Na(+)-extracellular Ca2+ exchange by inhibiting the Na(+)-K+ pump significantly decreased the rate of the development of muscle fatigue (89%). The maximal inhibition of diaphragmatic force produced by the amiloride analogue benzamil, which possesses 10-fold greater selectivity for Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange, was not significantly different from that produced by amiloride (76.2 +/- 1.1%), with a concentration that decreased maximum force by 50% equal to 46 microM compared with 460 microM for amiloride. Both agents slowed the maximal rate of relaxation up to 90%. Benzamil elevated resting tension during continuous stimulation of the diaphragm at 0.15 Hz. The results suggest that Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange may have a role in the normal function of the diaphragm.

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Accession: 017870630

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PMID: 2032997

DOI: 10.1152/jappl.1991.70.3.1309


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