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Effect of anti-B7-1 and anti-B7-2 mAb on Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus-induced demyelinating disease



Effect of anti-B7-1 and anti-B7-2 mAb on Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus-induced demyelinating disease



Journal of Immunology 163(11): 6180-6186



We examined the role of B7-1 and B7-2, costimulatory molecules critical to full activation of T cells, in the development of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus-induced demyelinating disease (TMEV-IDD). Treatment with mAbs to B7-1 resulted in significant suppression of the development of this disease both clinically and histologically. In mice treated with these mAbs, the production of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma in the spleen cells was decreased. The delayed-type hypersensitivity and T cell proliferative response specific for TMEV were decreased by this treatment. In contrast, treatment with Abs to B7-2, resulted in no effect on TMEV-IDD. These data suggest that B7-1 is critically involved in the pathogenesis of TMEV-IDD and that Abs to B7-1 could be a novel therapeutic approach in the clinical treatment of demyelinating diseases such as human multiple sclerosis.

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Accession: 017870701

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PMID: 10570309


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