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Effect of cAMP on choline uptake and phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in cultured chick heart cells



Effect of cAMP on choline uptake and phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in cultured chick heart cells



Biochemistry and Cell Biology 66(3): 231-237



The effect of an analogue of cAMP on the uptake and metabolism of choline in the heart was studied in isolated cardiac cells. The cells were obtained from 7-day-old chick embryos and maintained in culture. The effects of cAMP were studied using the dibutyryl cAMP analogue and the phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine. After a 2-h incubation with [3H]choline, about 85% of the label was recovered in phosphocholine, with most of the rest in phospholipid. During a subsequent chase incubation, [3H]phosphocholine was transferred to phosphatidylcholine with little accumulation in CDP-choline. This suggests the rate-limiting step for the conversion of phosphocholine to phosphatidylcholine in these cells is the synthesis of CDP-choline. cAMP decreased the incorporation of choline into phosphatidylcholine, but did not change the flux of metabolites through the step catalyzed by CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase. cAMP had little effect on choline uptake at low (1-25 microM) extracellular choline concentrations, but significantly (p less than 0.05) decreased choline uptake at higher (37.5-50 microM) extracellular choline concentrations. Thus, cardiac cells take up and metabolize choline to phosphocholine, with CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase being the rate-limiting step in phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis. cAMP decreases [3H]choline uptake and its subsequent incorporation into phosphocholine and phospholipid. However, the metabolism of choline within the cell is unaffected.

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Accession: 017870917

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2838058

DOI: 10.1139/o88-030



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