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Effect of calcium on the dynamic behavior of sialylglycerolipids and phospholipids in mixed model membranes. A 2H and 31P NMR study



Effect of calcium on the dynamic behavior of sialylglycerolipids and phospholipids in mixed model membranes. A 2H and 31P NMR study



Biochemistry 30(43): 10542-10550



DTSL, a sialic acid bearing glyceroglycolipid, has been deuteriated at the C3 position of the sialic acid headgroup and at the C3 position of the glycerol backbone. The glycolipid was studied as a neat dispersion and in multilamellar dispersions of DMPC (at a concentration of 5-10 mol % relative to phospholipid), using 2H and 31P NMR. The quadrupolar splittings, delta v Q, of the headgroup deuterons were found to differ in the neat and mixed dispersion, suggesting different headgroup orientations in the two systems. In DTSL-DMPC liposomes, two quadrupolar splittings were observed, indicating that the axial and equatorial deuterons make different angles with respect to the axis of motional averaging. The splittings originating from the equatorial and axial deuterons were found to increase and decrease with increasing temperature, respectively, indicating a temperature-dependent change in average headgroup orientation. Longitudinal relaxation times, T1Z, were found to be short (3-6 ms). The field dependence of T1Z suggests that more than one motion governs relaxation. At 30.7 MHz a T1Z minimum was observed at approximately 40 degrees C. At 46.1 MHz the T1Z values were longer and increased with temperature, demonstrating that the dominant rigid-body motions of the headgroup at this field are in the rapid motional regime (greater than 10(8) s-1). DTSL labeled at the glycerol C3 position was studied in DMPC multilamellar dispersions. Whereas two quadrupolar splittings have been observed for other glycolipids labeled at this position, only a single delta nu Q was observed. This shows that the orientation of the C2-C3 segment of DTSL relative to the bilayer normal differs from that of other glycolipids.

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Accession: 017870956

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PMID: 1931977



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