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Effectiveness of predator fecal odors as black-tailed deer repellents



Effectiveness of predator fecal odors as black-tailed deer repellents



Journal of Wildlife Management 49.2: 358-362



Pen bioassays were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of predator fecal odors as deer repellents. Aqueous extracts from predator feces were more effective than BGR (4.9% egg solids) and as effective as BRG-P (36% egg solids). In test I, browsing reductions for the predator feces tested were: bobcat (Felis rufus ) - 51%, mountain lion (F. concolor ) - 27%; wolf (Canis lupus ) - 17%; and coyote (C. latrans ) - 8%. The efficacy of fecal extracts in Test I correlated with the concentration of predator feces in initial formulations (5, 10, and 20% by weight). In Test II, increasing the concentration of feces to 30% for bobcat and mountain lion did not increase their repellency. Fecal odors of predators significantly suppressed the feeding activities of black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus ); however, additional laboratory and fieldwork are needed before predator odors can be used operationally.

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Accession: 017874177

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.2307/3801531


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