Immunochemical analysis of respiratory-chain components of micrococcus luteus (lysodeikticus)
Crowe, B.A.; Owen, P.
Journal of Bacteriology 153(1): 498-505
ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9193 PMID: 6848487 Accession: 017950315
Membrane-bound antigens of the respiratory chain of Micrococcus luteus were analyzed by crossed immunoelectrophoresis after growth of the organism in the presence of 59Fe, the flavin adenine dinucleotide-flavin mononucleotide precursor D-[2-14C]riboflavin, or the heme precursor 5-amino-[4-(14)C]levulinic acid. Using zymograms and procedures of selective extraction in conjunction with autoradiography, it was possible to resolve and partially characterize a number of antigens. Succinate dehydrogenase (EC 18.104.22.168) was shown to possess covalently bound flavin and nonheme iron and was possibly present as a complex with cytochrome. Three other dehydrogenases, namely, NADH dehydrogenase, NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (EC 22.214.171.124), and malate dehydrogenase (EC 126.96.36.199), contained flavin in noncovalent linkage, the NAD(P)H dehydrogenase also possessing nonheme iron. Four other discrete antigens (or antigen complexes) containing both iron and heme centers also resolved, as were two minor immunogens possessing iron as the sole detectable prosthetic group.