Section 18
Chapter 17,968

Interaction of the tRNA (Phe) acceptor end with the synthetase involves a sequence common to yeast and Escherichia coli phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetases

Sanni, A.; Hountondji, C.; Blanquet, S.; Ebel, J.P.; Boulanger, Y.; Fasiolo, F.

Biochemistry 30(9): 2448-2453


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960
PMID: 1900433
DOI: 10.1021/bi00223a022
Accession: 017967709

Modified lysines resulting from the cross-linking of the 3' end of tRNA(Phe) to yeast phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase (an enzyme with an alpha 2 beta 2 structure) have been characterized by sequencing the labeled chymotryptic peptides that were isolated by means of gel filtration and reversed-phase chromatography. The analysis showed that Lys131 and Lys436 in the alpha subunit are the target sites of periodate-oxidized tRNA(Phe). Mutant protein with a Lys----Asn substitution established that each lysine contributes to the binding of the tRNA but is not essential for catalysis. The major labeled lysine (K131) belongs to the sequence IALQDKL (residues 126-132), which shares three identities with the peptide sequence ADKL found around the tRNAox-labeled Lys61 in the large subunit of Escherichia coli phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase [Hountondji, C., Schmitter, J. M., Beauvallet, C., & Blanquet, S. (1987) Biochemistry 26, 5433-5439].

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