Phosphorylation of synthetic insulin receptor peptides by the insulin receptor kinase and evidence that the preferred sequence containing Tyr-1150 is phosphorylated in vivo
Stadtmauer, L.; Rosen, O.M.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 261(21): 10000-10005
Three peptides were synthesized corresponding to potential autophosphorylation sites of the beta subunit of the human insulin receptor. These were peptide 1150 corresponding to amino acids 1142-1153 of the pro-receptor, peptide 960 corresponding to amino acids 952-961 of the proreceptor, and peptide 1316 corresponding to amino acids 1313-1329 of the proreceptor. Peptide 1150 served as a better substrate for the insulin receptor tyrosine protein kinase than either of the other peptides or than the Src peptide (corresponding to the sequence surrounding the autophosphorylation site at Tyr-416). Microsequencing of the phosphorylated peptide 1150 indicated that Tyr-1150 rather than Tyr-1146 or Tyr-1151 was phosphorylated in the in vitro reaction. The insulin receptor was then isolated from 32P-labeled IM-9 cells that had been exposed to insulin. Tryptic digestion of the beta subunit revealed one peptide whose phosphorylation was dependent upon insulin and occurred exclusively on Tyr. This peptide was selectively immunoprecipitated by an antipeptide antibody directed to the Tyr-1150-containing sequence. We conclude that Tyr-1150 is preferentially phosphorylated by the purified receptor kinase and that one of the autophosphorylation reactions elicited by insulin in intact cells occurs in a sequence that contains this residue.