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Pyruvate metabolism of perfused rat lungs after exposure to 100% oxygen

Pyruvate metabolism of perfused rat lungs after exposure to 100% oxygen

Journal of Applied Physiology 60(5): 1605-1609

ISSN/ISBN: 8750-7587

PMID: 3086281

DOI: 10.1152/jappl.1986.60.5.1605

Previous studies with lung homogenates have suggested that pulmonary O2 toxicity is in part a result of inhibited mitochondrial energy metabolism. In this study, mitochondrial metabolism was determined by measurements of 14CO2 production from [1-14C]-pyruvate in perfused lungs, isolated after 0, 3, 6, 12, and 24 h of exposure to 100% O2. Measurements were made under normal and stimulated conditions brought about by uncoupling oxidative phosphorylation with 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP). Lungs were ventilated with 5% CO2 in O2 and perfused for 100 min with 12.5 mM 14C labeled pyruvate. Unexposed lungs gave a linear rate of 14CO2 production of 121 +/- 16 mumol/h/g dry wt (n = 5), which was maximally stimulated 84% by perfusion with 0.8 mMDNP. Twenty-four hours of exposure to 100% O2 did not significantly affect 14CO2 production. In contrast, DNP failed to significantly stimulate pyruvate metabolism to CO2 in lungs exposed for greater than 3 h to 100% O2. These latter data suggested that O2 exposure makes lung mitochondria unable to respond to increased ATP demands associated with DNP uncoupling. Compromised energy metabolism is therefore an important early event in O2 toxicity.

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Accession: 018077835

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