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Rapid transient analysis of myosin cross-bridge kinetics in hypertrophied hearts

Rapid transient analysis of myosin cross-bridge kinetics in hypertrophied hearts

Federation Proceedings 45(11): 2585-2590

ISSN/ISBN: 0014-9446

PMID: 2944768

Essential hypertension, with pressure overload leading to left ventricular hypertrophy, often results in coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure. The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is an attractive model for studying the effects of long-term antihypertensive therapy on the contractile properties of the myocardium. In this study we investigated differences in mechanical and biochemical characteristics of papillary muscles from SHR and normal (Wistar-Kyoto [WKY]) rats as a function of age and treatment. We found that the rate of delayed force redevelopment after rapid stretch was less in SHR than in WKY in every age group studied, even at 2 wk of age, before hypertension was evident in the SHR. In the treated SHR, blood pressure was lower, hypertrophy was reduced and the rate of delayed force redevelopment was increased compared with the untreated SHR. Finally, the pattern of myosin isoenzymes was different in treated than in untreated SHR, being shifted to more of the fast V1 and less of the slow V3 isomyosin. We conclude that long-term antihypertensive therapy not only prevents the development of left ventricular hypertrophy, but may do so by preventing the shift in myosin isoenzyme pattern normally found in hearts subjected to a long-term pressure overload.

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Accession: 018081827

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