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Regulation of ornithine aminotransferase mRNA levels in rat kidney by estrogen and thyroid hormone


Regulation of ornithine aminotransferase mRNA levels in rat kidney by estrogen and thyroid hormone



Journal of Biological Chemistry 258(3): 1781-1784



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 6185489

The regulation of the mitochondrial matrix enzyme, ornithine aminotransferase, by estrogen and triiodothyronine (T3) in rat kidney was examined using a cloned cDNA probe and in vitro translation of poly(A+) RNA. After a single, acute dose of either 17 beta-estradiol or T3, the rate of enzyme synthesis and the levels of translatable and hybridizable ornithine aminotransferase mRNA all increase in parallel. Levels of hybridizable mRNA were estimated by hybridization of randomly 32P-labeled RNA to filter-bound plasmid DNA. Maximal levels of induction by estrogen and T3 were about 15- and 3-fold, respectively. Lag times of at least 5 h and less than 3 h were observed for induction by T3 and estrogen. T3 and estrogen exert a synergistic effect in increasing ornithine aminotransferase mRNA levels. 16 h after T3 administration and 24 h after estrogen administration, a 1.6- and 13-fold increase in mRNA levels were observed. Both of these treatments in combination for the indicated time periods resulted in a 21-fold increase in ornithine aminotransferase mRNA. From the mRNA accumulation curves, half-lives of 10 to 14 h and 12 to 16 h were estimated for the mRNA after estrogen and T3 induction, respectively. These similar half-lives suggest that an increase in the rate of mRNA production is primarily responsible for the induction observed after estrogen administration.

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Accession: 018090444

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