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Secreted and membrane-associated matrix metalloproteinases of IL-2-activated NK cells and their inhibitors

Secreted and membrane-associated matrix metalloproteinases of IL-2-activated NK cells and their inhibitors

Journal of Immunology 164(11): 5883-5889

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767

PMID: 10820269

DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.164.11.5883

We have previously documented that rat IL-2-activated NK (A-NK) cells produce matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9. In this study, we describe mouse A-NK cell-derived MMPs, including MT-MMPs, and also TIMPs. RT-PCR analysis from cDNA of mouse A-NK cells revealed mRNA for MMP-2, MMP-9, MMP-11, MMP-13, MT1-MMP, MT2-MMP, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2. MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression was confirmed by gelatin zymography. Moreover, we report for the first time that MT-MMPs are expressed by NK cells, i.e., large granular lymphocytes as determined by both RT-PCR and Western blots. TIMP-1 expression was detected as a 29-kDa protein in Western blots. It is intriguing that TIMP-2 protein from A-NK cells was also detected as a 29-kDa protein, which is clearly different from the previously reported molecular mass of 21 kDa in mouse and human cells. In addition, inhibition of MMPs by BB-94, a selective inhibitor of MMP, significantly inhibited the ability of mouse A-NK cells to migrate through Matrigel, a model basement membrane. Taken together, these findings suggest that A-NK cells may therefore use multiple MMPs in various cellular functions, including degradation of various extracellular matrix molecules as they extravasate from blood vessels and accumulate within cancer metastases following their adoptive transfer.

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Accession: 018108581

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