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Selective probing of ADP-ribosylation reactions with oxidized 2'-deoxy-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

Selective probing of ADP-ribosylation reactions with oxidized 2'-deoxy-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

Biochemistry 27(14): 5378-5383

ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960

PMID: 3139033

DOI: 10.1021/bi00414a063

A homogeneous preparation of an arginine-specific mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferase from turkey erythrocytes effectively utilized 2'-deoxy-NAD+ for the 2'-deoxy(ADP-ribose) modification of arginine methyl ester with an apparent Km of 27.2 microM and a Vmax of 36.4 mumol min-1 (mg of protein)-1. The adduct formed was also used as a substrate by an avian erythrocyte arginine(ADP-ribose)-specific hydrolase that generated free 2'-deoxy(ADP-ribose). In contrast, 2'-deoxy-NAD+ was not a substrate in the initiation or elongation reaction catalyzed by highly purified poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase from calf thymus. However, 2'-deoxy-NAD+ was a potent noncompetitive inhibitor of NAD+ in the elongation reaction catalyzed by the polymerase, with an apparent Ki of 32 microM. These results indicate that 2'-deoxy-NAD+ may be utilized to specifically identify protein acceptors for endogenous mono(ADP-ribosyl)transferases in complex biological systems that may contain a high activity of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, i.e., cell nuclei preparations.

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Accession: 018110435

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