Soluble IL-4 receptor inhibits airway inflammation following allergen challenge in a mouse model of asthma
Henderson, W.R.; Chi, E.Y.; Maliszewski, C.R.
Journal of Immunology 164(2): 1086-1095
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767 PMID: 10623860 DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.164.2.1086
In vitro and in vivo studies, in both animal models and human asthmatics, have implicated IL-4 as an important inflammatory mediator in asthma. In a murine asthma model, we examined the anti-inflammatory activities of soluble IL-4R (sIL-4R). In this model, mice sensitized to OVA by i.p. and intranasal (i.n.) routes are challenged with the allergen by i.n. administration. The OVA challenge elicits an eosinophil infiltration into the lungs, with widespread mucus occlusion of the airways, and results in bronchial hyperreactivity. sIL-4R (0.1-100 microgram) was administered by either i.n. or i.p. routes before OVA challenge in OVA-sensitized mice. Both blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid levels of sIL-4R were significantly elevated compared with controls by i.n. delivery of 100 microgram sIL-4R; i.p. delivery of 100 microgram sIL-4R only raised blood levels of sIL-4R. The i.n. administration of 100 microgram sIL-4R before allergen challenge significantly reduced late phase pulmonary inflammation, blocking airway eosinophil infiltration, VCAM-1 expression, and mucus hypersecretion. In contrast, i.p. delivery of 100 microgram sIL-4R inhibited only the influx of eosinophils into the lungs, but not airway mucus release. Furthermore, sIL-4R treatment by either i.n. or i.p. routes did not reduce airway hyperreactivity in response to methacholine challenge. Thus, elevating airway levels of sIL-4R through the administration of exogenous sIL-4R is effective in blocking the late phase pulmonary inflammation that occurs in this murine allergen-challenge asthma model. These results suggest that sIL-4R may have beneficial anti-inflammatory effects in asthmatic patients.