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Somatostatin inhibits insulin secretion by a G-protein-mediated decrease in Ca2+ entry through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in the beta cell

Somatostatin inhibits insulin secretion by a G-protein-mediated decrease in Ca2+ entry through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels in the beta cell

Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(2): 837-843

ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 1702440

We tested the hypothesis that somatostatin (SRIF) inhibits insulin secretion from an SV40 transformed hamster beta cell line (HIT cells) by an effect on the voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels and examined whether G-proteins were involved in the process. Ca2+ currents were recorded by the whole cell patch-clamp method, the free cytosolic calcium, [Ca2+]i, was monitored in HIT cells by fura-2, and cAMP and insulin secretion were measured by radioimmunoassay. SRIF decreased Ca2+ currents, [Ca2+]i, and basal insulin secretion in a dose-dependent manner over the range of 10(-12)-10(-7)M. The increase in [Ca2+]i and insulin secretion induced by either depolarization with K+ (15 mM) or by the Ca2+ channel agonist, Bay K 8644 (1 microM) was attenuated by SRIF in a dose-dependent manner over the same range of 10(-12)-10(-7) M. the half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) for SRIF inhibition of insulin secretion were 8.6 X 10(-12) M and 8.3 X 10(-11) M for K+ and Bay K 8644-stimulated secretion and 1 X 10(-10) M and 2.9 X 10(-10) M for the SRIF inhibition of the K+ and Bay K 8644-induced rise in [Ca2+]i, respectively. SRIF also attenuated the rise in [Ca2+]i induced by the cAMP-elevating agent, isobutylmethylxanthine (1 mM) in the presence of glucose. Bay K 8644, K+ and SRIF had no significant effects on cAMP levels and SRIF had no effects on adenylyl cyclase activity at concentrations lower than 1 microM. SRIF (100 nM) did not change K+ efflux (measured by 86Rb+) through ATP-sensitive K+ channels in HIT cells. SRIF (up to 1 microM) had no significant effect on membrane potential measured by bisoxonol fluorescence. Pretreatment of the HIT cells with pertussis toxin (0.1 microgram/ml) overnight abolished the effects of SRIF on Ca2+ currents, [Ca2+]i and insulin secretion implying a G-protein dependence in SRIF's actions. Thus, one mechanism by which SRIF decreases insulin secretion is by inhibiting Ca2+ influx through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels, an action mediated through a pertussis toxin-sensitive G-protein.

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Accession: 018121229

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