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Spectral properties and function of two lumazine proteins from Photobacterium

Spectral properties and function of two lumazine proteins from Photobacterium

Biochemistry 24(6): 1476-1483

ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960

PMID: 3986186

DOI: 10.1021/bi00327a028

The spectral properties are compared for two 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine proteins from marine bioluminescent bacteria, one from a psychrophile, Photobacterium phosphoreum, and the other from a thermophile, Photobacterium leiognathi. The visible spectral properties, which are the ones by which the protein performs its biological function of bioluminescence emission, are almost the same for the two proteins: at 2 degrees C and 50 mM Pi, pH 7, fluorescence quantum yield phi F = 0.59 and 0.54, respectively; fluorescence lifetime tau = 14.4 and 14.8 ns, respectively; fluorescence maxima, both 475 nm; absorption maximum, 417 and 420 nm, respectively; circular dichroism minima at around 420 nm, both -41 X 10(3) deg cm2 dmol-1. The ligand binding sites therefore must provide very similar environments, and arguments are presented that the bound ligand is relatively exposed to solvent. The dissociation equilibrium was studied by steady-state fluorescence polarization. The thermophilic protein binds the ligand with Kd (20 degrees C) = 0.016 microM, 10 times more tightly than the other protein [Kd (20 degrees C) = 0.16 microM]. The origin of the binding difference probably resides in differences in secondary structure. The tryptophan fluorescence spectra of the two proteins are different, but more significant is an observation of the decay of the tryptophan emission anisotropy. For the psychrophilic lumazine protein this anisotropy decays to zero in 1 ns, implying that its single tryptophan residue lies in a very "floppy" region of the protein. For the other protein, the anisotropy exhibits both a fast component and a slow one corresponding to rotation of the protein as a whole.

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Related references

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