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State of actin during the cycle of cohesiveness of the cytoplasm in parthenogenetically activated sea urchin egg


State of actin during the cycle of cohesiveness of the cytoplasm in parthenogenetically activated sea urchin egg



Experimental Cell Research 142(2): 365-372



ISSN/ISBN: 0014-4827

PMID: 6890901

DOI: 10.1016/0014-4827(82)90378-0

By the DNase I inhibition assay it is shown that the cytoplasmic matrix isolated 60 min after procaine activation of Paracentrotus lividus eggs contains about 20% of the total egg actin, mostly in polymerized form (85%). Electron microscopy studies on this cytoplasmic structure after treatment with heavy meromyosin (HMM), reveal that the decorated actin filaments are organized in bundles which are distributed radially, with the arrowheads pointing towards the central region. In addition few microtubules and a network of non-decorated microfilaments of about 3 nm diameter are observed. From the cytoplasmic pH determination and the DNase I inhibition assay on homogenates of eggs which were taken at different times of activation, it cannot be inferred that a direct relationship between the increase in the cytoplasmic pH and the increase in the amount of polymerized actin or of cytoplasmic matrix exists. Activation experiments carried out in the presence of colchicine shows that, although the formation of the cytoplasmic matrix is inhibited, polymerization of actin still occurs. Moreover, from the inhibition effects of cytochalasin B (CB) added before the activator it is shown that polymerization of actin is a necessary step for the organization of the cytoplasmic matrix. However, the cycles of cohesiveness of the cytoplasm observed in the course of the activation process do not appear to depend on cycles of polymerization and depolymerization of actin.

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Accession: 018126966

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