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Studies using leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) knockout mice and a LIF adenoviral vector demonstrate a key anti-inflammatory role for this cytokine in cutaneous inflammation

Studies using leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) knockout mice and a LIF adenoviral vector demonstrate a key anti-inflammatory role for this cytokine in cutaneous inflammation

Journal of Immunology 166(3): 2049-2054

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767

PMID: 11160255

DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.166.3.2049

Previous work has implicated the cytokine leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) in cutaneous inflammation, although results have differed as to whether LIF is pro- or anti-inflammatory in this setting. We examined edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, and cytokine responses following CFA injection in the adult mouse footpad. Inflammatory cell infiltration and edema are significantly enhanced when CFA is injected in LIF knockout mice as compared with injection of wild-type littermates. Moreover, local injection of an adenoviral vector encoding LIF suppresses both measures of inflammation. In contrast, injection of an adenoviral vector encoding beta-galactosidase has no discernable effect on inflammation. In addition, comparison of the CFA responses in LIF knockout vs wild-type skin reveals that LIF is an important regulator of IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-7, IL-2Ralpha, and IFN-gamma in cutaneous inflammation. These and our previous data indicate that both endogenous and exogenous LIF are anti-inflammatory in the CFA model and that LIF is a key regulator of the cytokine cascade. The results also indicate that adenoviral gene delivery can be an effective therapeutic approach in this paradigm.

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Accession: 018135375

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