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Substrate recognition by oligosaccharyltransferase. Studies on glycosylation of modified Asn-X-Thr/Ser tripeptides

Substrate recognition by oligosaccharyltransferase. Studies on glycosylation of modified Asn-X-Thr/Ser tripeptides

Journal of Biological Chemistry 258(19): 11856-11863

ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 6413505

The minimum primary structural requirement for N-glycosylation of proteins is the sequence -Asn-X-Thr/Ser-. In the present study, NH2-terminal derivatives of Asn-Leu-Thr-NH2 and peptides with asparagine replacements have been tested as substrates or inhibitors of N-glycosylation. The glycosylation of a known acceptor, N alpha-[3H]Ac-Asn-Leu-Thr-NHCH3, was optimized in chicken oviduct microsomes. The reaction was shown to be dependent upon Mn2+ and linear for 10 min at 30 degrees C; the apparent Km for the peptide was found to be 10 microM. N alpha-Acyl derivatives of Asn-Leu-Thr-NH2 (N-acetyl, N-benzoyl, N-octanoyl, or N-t-butoxycarbonyl) inhibited the glycosylation of N alpha-[3H] Ac-Asn-Leu-Thr-NHCH3 in a dose-dependent manner; additional experiments demonstrated that these compounds were alternative substrates rather than true inhibitors. The benzoyl and octanoyl derivatives were 10 times as effective as N alpha-Ac-Asn-Leu-Thr-NH2 in inhibiting glycosylation. In contrast, peptides containing asparagine modifications or substitutions were neither substrates nor inhibitors of N-glycosylation. They did not compete for glycosylation of 3H-peptide at 100-fold greater concentrations, and did not deplete endogenous pools of oligosaccharide-lipid. Thus, the asparagine side chain is an absolute requirement for recognition by the transferase. The majority of the glycosylated product (61%), but only 1% of the unglycosylated peptide, remained associated with the microsomes after high speed centrifugation. A large 41-amino acid residue acceptor peptide, alpha-lac17-58, was a poor substitute for glycosylation unless detergent was added to the microsomes. In contrast, glycosylation of tripeptide acceptors was not stimulated by detergent. Both of these findings suggest that the tripeptides are freely permeable to the microsomal membrane and support the earlier conclusion that glycosylation of proteins occurs at the luminal face of the microsomes.

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