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T cell epitopes of a lipocalin allergen colocalize with the conserved regions of the molecule

T cell epitopes of a lipocalin allergen colocalize with the conserved regions of the molecule

Journal of Immunology 162(3): 1415-1422

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767

PMID: 9973397

In this study we characterized the human T cell-reactive sites of the major cow dander allergen, Bos d 2, a member of the lipocalin protein family. We showed that Bos d 2 contains only a limited number of epitopes. This is in contrast to many other allergens, which usually contain multiple T cell epitopes throughout the molecule. The epitopes of Bos d 2 were primarily concentrated in the conserved regions of the molecule. One of the epitopes was recognized by all the cow-asthmatic individuals regardless of their HLA phenotype. Computer-predicted T cell epitopes on Bos d 2, other lipocalin allergens, and human endogenous lipocalins were situated in similar locations on these molecules and corresponded to experimentally identified epitopes on Bos d 2. The results suggest that human endogenous lipocalins could be involved in the modulation of immune responses against exogenous lipocalin allergens. In addition, our findings are likely to facilitate the development of new forms of immunotherapy against allergies induced by the important group of lipocalin allergens.

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Accession: 018142730

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