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TCR, LFA-1, and CD28 play unique and complementary roles in signaling T cell cytoskeletal reorganization

TCR, LFA-1, and CD28 play unique and complementary roles in signaling T cell cytoskeletal reorganization

Journal of Immunology 162(3): 1367-1375

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767

PMID: 9973391

T cells interacting with APCs undergo rearrangement of surface receptors and cytoskeletal elements to face the zone of contact with the APC. This polarization process is thought to affect T cell signaling by organizing a specialized domain on the T cell surface and to direct T cell effector function toward the appropriate APC. We have investigated the contribution of TCR, CD28, and LFA-1 signaling to T cell cytoskeletal polarization by assaying the response of an Ag-specific Th1 clone toward a panel of transfected APCs expressing MHC class II alone or in combination with ICAM-1 or B7-1. We show that polarization of talin, an actin-binding protein, occurs in response to integrin engagement. In contrast, reorientation of the T cell microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) is dependent on and directed toward the site of TCR signaling, regardless of whether integrins or costimulatory molecules are engaged. MTOC reorientation in response to peptide-MHC complexes is sensitive to the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin. CD28 coengagement overcomes this sensitivity, as does activation via Ab cross-linking of the TCR or via covalent peptide-MHC complexes, suggesting that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase is not required per se but rather plays a role in signal amplification. Engagement of TCR in trans with LFA-1 results in separation of MTOC reorientation and cortical cytoskeletal polarization events, indicating that the two processes are not directly mechanistically linked. These studies show that T cells mobilize individual cytoskeletal components in response to distinct and specific cell surface interactions.

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