The asparagine-linked oligosaccharides on bovine fetuin. Structural analysis of N-glycanase-released oligosaccharides by 500-megahertz 1H NMR spectroscopy
Green, E.D.; Adelt, G.; Baenziger, J.U.; Wilson, S.; Van Halbeek, H.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(34): 18253-18268
The structures of the entire population of sialylated asparagine-linked oligosaccharides present on bovine fetuin were elucidated. Asparagine-linked oligosaccharides were released from fetuin with N-glycanase, radiolabeled by reduction with NaB[3H]4, and fractionated by anion-exchange high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), ion-suppression amine adsorption HPLC, and concanavalin A affinity chromatography. The 3H-labeled oligosaccharide fractions obtained were analyzed by 500-MHz 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, revealing the presence of 23 distinct oligosaccharide structures. These oligosaccharides differed in extent of sialylation (3% mono-, 35% di-, 54% tri-, and 8% tetrasialylated), number of peripheral branches (17% di- and 83% tribranched), linkage (alpha 2,3 versus alpha 2,6) and location of sialic acid moieties, and linkage (beta 1,4 versus beta 1,3) of galactose residues. This represents the first time that the asparagine-linked oligosaccharides of fetuin have been successfully fractionated and characterized as sialylated species. The sialylated oligosaccharides derived from fetuin were also used to further define the specificities of the lectins leukoagglutinating phytohemagglutinin and Ricinus communis agglutinin I. The behavior of these oligosaccharides during lectin affinity HPLC further establishes the structural features which predominate in the interaction of oligosaccharides with leukoagglutinating phytohemagglutinin and R. communis agglutinin I.