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The biosynthetic pathway of pyrimidine (deoxy)nucleotides: a sensor of oxygen tension necessary for maintaining cell proliferation?


The biosynthetic pathway of pyrimidine (deoxy)nucleotides: a sensor of oxygen tension necessary for maintaining cell proliferation?



Experimental Cell Research 182(2): 673-680



ISSN/ISBN: 0014-4827

PMID: 2721599

DOI: 10.1016/0014-4827(89)90271-1

Culture experiments on Ehrlich ascites tumor cells revealed that a low oxygen tension (about 20% in normoxic atmosphere) induced an increase in the length of the growth cycle. The relative growth of aerobic control cells after transfer to the second in vitro passage was 145% within 24 h, and reduced to 50% at 1% O2 and about 30% at 0.1% O2. The increase in protein and DNA content of these hypoxic cultures was equally impaired. Also, the cell cycle traverse as analyzed by flow cytometry was affected predominantly at the GI/early S stage. Uptake of labeled thymidine into acid-insoluble material of hypoxic cells was below that of controls whereas incorporation of uridine exceeded that of normoxic controls. Supplementation of cells cultured under 0.1 and 1% O2 with 0.1 mM uridine or 0.1 mM deoxycytidine + 0.01 mM deoxyadenosine and deoxyguanosine improved all growth parameters; deoxynucleosides were more effective than uridine in cells under 0.1% O2 whereas in cells cultured under 1% O2 similar effects of both were observed. This points to an insufficient supply of nucleic acid precursors even under moderate limitations of oxygen tension and not only under strict hypoxia. Whereas a 12-h cultivation time at 0.1% O2 hardly impaired cell growth after reoxygenation, a cultivation time of 24 h considerably reduced the cellular capability to recover. This was alleviated by addition of (deoxy)nucleosides from the beginning of hypoxic culture. The results are interpreted as supporting the concept that the biosynthetic pathway of pyrimidine (deoxy)nucleotides.sbd.because of two oxygen-dependent enzymes, dihydroorotate dehydrogenase and ribonucleotide reductase.sbd.is a potential transducer of environmental limitations in oxygen tension to the proliferative capacity of cells.

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Accession: 018161498

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Related references

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