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The effect of tRNA binding on the structure of 5 S RNA in Escherichia coli. A chemical modification study


The effect of tRNA binding on the structure of 5 S RNA in Escherichia coli. A chemical modification study



Journal of Biological Chemistry 259(1): 491-496



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 6200475

The structure of 5 S RNA within the 70 S ribosome from Escherichia coli was studied using the chemical reagent kethoxal (alpha-keto-beta-ethoxybutyraldehyde) to modify accessible guanosines. The modification pattern of 5 S RNA from free 70 S ribosomes was compared with that of poly(U) programmed ribosomes where tRNA had been bound to both the A- and P-sites. Binding to the ribosomal A-site was achieved enzymatically using the elongation factor Tu and GTP in the presence of deacylated tRNA which blocks the ribosomal P-site. Modified guanosines were identified after partial RNase T1 hydrolysis and separation of the hydrolysis products on sequencing gels. Binding of tRNA to the ribosome leads to a strong protection of 5 S RNA guanosine G-41 and to some degree G-44 from kethoxal modification. The limited RNase T1 hydrolysis pattern provides evidence for the existence of a 5 S RNA conformation different from the known 5 S RNA A- and B-forms which are characterized by their gel electrophoretic mobility. The importance of 5 S RNA for the binding of tRNA to the ribosome is discussed.

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Accession: 018166017

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