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The feeding success of cattle egrets in flocks


The feeding success of cattle egrets in flocks



Animal Behaviour 32.4: 1089-1100



ISSN/ISBN: 0003-3472

DOI: 10.1016/s0003-3472(84)80225-0

The feeding rates of grouped ( 5 m from conspecifics) cattle egrets (Bubulcus ibis ) in loose flocks away from cows were compared, to test the hypothesis that grouped cattle egrets benefit from feeding on prey flushed inadvertently by nearby conspecifics. The flock feeding rates were also compared to those of grouped and solo egrets near cows, to determine the effects of flock membership on feeding rates. Birds in flocks captured prey faster than those with cows, and tended to capture larger prey, but field observations and captive experiments failed to show that the feeding success of flock members was enhanced by the hypothesized "beater" effect. Increases in prey density, however, always resulted in higher feeding rates, so some cattle egret groups may form in response to local concentrations of prey. These data indicate that there is a potential cost associated with feeding too near others unless the prey are relatively small and abundant.

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Accession: 018167918

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