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The structure of aerial displays in three species of Calidridinae (Scolopacidae)


The structure of aerial displays in three species of Calidridinae (Scolopacidae)



Auk 1002: 440-451



ISSN/ISBN: 0004-8038

DOI: 10.2307/4086538

Sandpipers in the subfamily Calidridinae (Scolopacidae) breed in the Arctic and Subarctic. In all species, unpaired males engage in distinctive aerial displays. Displays are described for 3 species: Dunlin (Calidris alpina L.), semipalmated sandpiper (C. pusilla L.) and stilt sandpiper (C. himantopus Bonaparte). In each of the species, displays last several minutes, during which simple monotonous calls are emitted; more complex calls (including Song) also occur. C. himantopus has a unique flight mode, which is considered as apomorphous (derived) within the subfamily. C. alpina is apomorphous for the buzziness of the main vocalization emitted in aerial display and C. pusilla for loss of the same vocalization emitted in aerial display and C. pusilla for loss of the same vocalization and elaboration of another. The ancestral/derived status and systematic value of these and other display components are discussed, with reference to information available for other calidridine species.

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Accession: 018180418

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