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Transactivation of the human apolipoprotein CII promoter by orphan and ligand-dependent nuclear receptors. The regulatory element CIIC is a thyroid hormone response element



Transactivation of the human apolipoprotein CII promoter by orphan and ligand-dependent nuclear receptors. The regulatory element CIIC is a thyroid hormone response element



Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(28): 17810-6



The regulatory elements CIIC (-159/-116) and CIIB (-102/-81) of the apolipoprotein CII (apoCII) promoter have distinct specificities for orphan nuclear receptors (Vorgia, P., Zannis, V. I., and Kardassis, D. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273, 4188-4199). In this communication we investigated the contribution of ligand-dependent and orphan nuclear receptors on the transcriptional regulation of the human apoCII gene. It was found that element CIIC in addition to ARP-1 and EAR-2 binds RXRalpha/T3Rbeta heterodimers strongly, whereas element CIIB binds hepatic nuclear factor 4 (HNF-4) exclusively. Binding is abolished by mutations that alter the HRE binding motifs. Transient cotransfection experiments showed that in the presence of T3, RXRalpha/T3Rbeta heterodimers transactivated the -205/+18 apoCII promoter 1.6- and 11-fold in HepG2 and COS-1 respectively. No transactivation was observed in the presence of 9-cis-retinoic acid. Transactivation requires the regulatory element CIIC, suggesting that this element contains a thyroid hormone response element. HNF-4 did not affect the apoCII promoter activity in HepG2 cells. However, mutations in the HNF-4 binding site on element CIIB and inhibition of HNF-4 synthesis in HepG2 cells by antisense HNF-4 constructs decreased the apoCII promoter activity to 25-40% of the control, indicating that HNF-4 is a positive regulator of the apoCII gene. ARP-1 repressed the -205/+18 but not the -104/+18 apoCII promoter activity in HepG2 cells, indicating that the repression depends on the regulatory element CIIC. In contrast, combination of ARP-1 and HNF-4 transactivated different apoCII promoter segments as well as a minimal adenovirus major late promoter driven by the regulatory element CIIB. Mutagenesis or deletion of elements CIIB or CIIC established that the observed transactivation requires DNA binding of one of the two factors and may result from HNF-4-ARP-1 interactions that elicit the transactivation functions of HNF-4. The combined data indicate that RXRalpha/T3Rbeta in the presence of T3 and HNF-4 can upregulate the apoCII promoter activity by binding to the regulatory elements CIIC and CIIB, respectively. In addition, ARP-1 can either have inhibitory or stimulatory effects on the apoCII promoter activity via different mechanisms.

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Accession: 018188894

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PMID: 9651383

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.273.28.17810


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Transaction of the human apolipoprotein CII promoter by orphan and ligand-dependent nuclear receptors: The regulatory element CIIC is a thyroid hormone response element. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(28): 17810-17816, July 10, 1998

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