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Two proteins associated with secretory granule membranes identified in chicken regulated secretory cells



Two proteins associated with secretory granule membranes identified in chicken regulated secretory cells



Journal of Cell Science 107: 1297-1308



Lately, we have identified two polypeptides of 92-94 kDa (GRL1) and 45-60 kDa (GRL2), expressed in cytoplasmic granules of chicken granulocytes and thrombocytes. Here, we report that GRL1 and GRL2 are widely distributed in all exocrine and several endocrine cell types, but not in neurons of the central nervous system, during late stages of embryonic development, as well as in newly hatched and two-month-old chickens. Immunogold studies in ultrathin frozen sections of pancreatic acinar cells show that GRL1 and GRL2 are co-localized at the periphery of zymogen granules, in granules fused with apical acinar membranes and on apical membranes of acini, while the pregranular compartments of the secretory pathway are weakly or not labeled. Semiquantitative morphometric studies indicate that GRL1 and GRL2 are equally distributed in secretory granules. A variety of physical and metabolic studies reveal that GRL2, a highly N-glycosylated polypeptide, is an intrinsic membrane protein, while GRL1 is a peripheral membrane polypeptide released by Na-2CO-3 treatment of granulocyte membranes. In all hematopoietic, exocrine or endocrine cells examinated, GRL1 shows identical electrophoretic patterns, while GRL2 is identified as a diffuse band, at 4065 kDa, in hematopoietic and pancreatic cells. Taken together, the morphological and biochemical studies indicate that GRL1 and GRL2 are components of the secretory granule membrane in chicken exocrine, endocrine and hemopoietic cell types.

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Accession: 018195726

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PMID: 7929636


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