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Ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy of distamycin complexes with poly(dA)-poly(dT) and poly(dA-dT): role of H-bonding


Ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy of distamycin complexes with poly(dA)-poly(dT) and poly(dA-dT): role of H-bonding



Biochemistry 28(10): 4397-4402



ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960

PMID: 2765491

DOI: 10.1021/bi00436a041

Raman spectra are reported for distamycin, excited at 320 nm, in resonance with the first strong absorption band of the chromophore. Qualitative band assignments to pyrrole ring and amide modes are made on the basis of frequency shifts observed in D2O. When distamycin is dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide or dimethylformamide, large (30 cm-1) upshifts are seen for the band assigned to amide I, while amides II and III shift down appreciably. Similar but smaller shifts are seen when distamycin is bound to poly(dA-dT) and poly(dA)-poly(dT). Examination of literature data for N-methylacetamide in various solvents shows that the amide I frequencies correlate well with solvent acceptor number but poorly with solvent donor number. This behavior implies that acceptor interactions with the C = O group are more important than donor interactions with the N-H group in polarizing the amide bond and stabilizing the zwitterionic resonance form. The resonance Raman spectra therefore imply that the distamycin C = O groups, despite being exposed to solvent, are less strongly H-bonded in the polynucleotide complexes than in aqueous distamycin, perhaps because of orienting influences of the nearby backbone phosphate groups. In this respect, the poly(dA-dT) and poly(dA)-poly(dT) complexes are the same, showing the same RR frequencies. Resonance Raman spectra were also obtained at 200-nm excitation, where modes of the DNA residues are enhanced. The spectra were essentially the same with and without distamycin, except for a perceptable narrowing of the adenine modes of poly(dA-dT), suggesting a reduction in conformational flexibility of the polymer upon drug binding.

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